Górski A., Trzciński K. 2011. Breeding avifauna of the south-eastern Kurpiowska Lowland in 1987-2011. Kulon 16: 1-40.
Górski, Katedra Ekologii i Ochrony Środowiska, Wydział
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski, Plac Łódzki 3, PL-10-727
Abstract. In 1987-2011, the species composition, distribution, and numbers of birds breeding in south-eastern part of the Kurpiowska Lowland were surveyed on an area of about 379 km2. In total, 178 bird species were noted, including 148 breeding or probable breeding. Population trends were assessed for 55 species. During the study period, 13 species stopped nesting, 11 species declined, and 7 species did not change their numbers. Populations of 11 species increased, and 5 new breeding species appeared: Greylag Goose Anser anser, Teal Anas crecca, White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla, Little Crake Porzana parva, and Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus. Population changes were caused mainly by factors out of the region. This region continues to be one of the most important bird areas in Poland for Roller Coracias garrulus. Because of the population status of this species, but probably also of Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus and Woodlark Lullula arborea, this area conforms to the criteria of designating it a Special Protection Area under the Natura 2000 network.
Dombrowski A., Kot H., Kot Cz. 2011. Avifauna of the Kostrzyń River valley in 2010. Kulon 16: 41-62.
Zakład Planowania Przestrzennego i
Badań Ekologicznych EKOS, ul. Traugutta 8, PL-08-110
Siedlce, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract. In 2010, an inventory of breeding avifauna was conducted in the Kostrzyń River Valley and adjacent tributaries, covering jointly an area of 162.4 km2. In total, 174 species of birds were recorded, including 139 breeding and 35 visitors or transients. On three fish-pond complexes, a total of 46 breeding species were noted. Within the present boundaries of Special Protection Area (SPA) the Kostrzyń valley, 37 bird species are listed in Annex I to the Birds Directive, including 24 breeding and 13 transient. In 2010, Corncrake Crex crex was the only species qualifying the Kostrzyń valley as SPA Natura 2000. The number of males recorded (min. 340) of this globally threatened species significantly exceeded thresholds of criteria A1 (60 m) and C1 (60 m), and national criterion C6 (300 m). On the regional scale, this is an important bird area for 11 species listed in Annex I to the Bird Directive. These are: Black StorkCiconia nigra (3 pairs), Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus (27), Spotted Crake Porzana porzana (15), Little Crake Porzana parva (7), Crane Grus grus (40), Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius (23-26), Wood Lark Lullula arborea (min. 115), Bluthroat Luscinia svecica (8), Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio (min. 525), Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria (min. 123) and Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva (7). In the category of species valorizing Natura 2000 network according to the Birds Directive, 43 species occur in the Kostrzyń valley, including 32 breeding, with Thrush Nightingale as the most abundant bird (min. 300 males). Only Scarlet Grosbeak Carpodacus eryithrinus, estimated at 114-150 pairs, reached a level of about 1% of the Polish population. On the regional scale, fairly abundant were Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago (60 pairs), Hoopoe Upupa epops (18), Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia (155-200), and River Warbler Locustella fluviatilis (76-100 pairs). A change in SPA boundaries is proposed, including the addition of the valley fragment of the upper Kostrzyń River.
Gryz B. J., Krauze-Gryz D. 2011. PREY SELECTIVITY OF KESTRELS FALCO TINNUNCULUS NESTING IN THE PILICA RIVER VALLEY. Kulon 16: 63-73.
Jakub B. Gryz,
Zakład Ekologii Lasu, Instytut Badawczy Leśnictwa, Sękocin
Stary, ul. Braci Leśnej 3, PL-05-090 Raszyn, e-mail: J.Gryz@ibles.waw.pl
The study was conducted in central Poland in the years
Pellets and prey remains were collected in the vicinity of
nests. The nests were located in the margin between the
forest and the
area of summer houses in Brzeźce village, c.a. 400 m from
open areas in
the Pilica River Valley. To assess prey availability, data
rodent community structure were used. Rodents were trapped
habitat types (forest, human settlements, and riverside open
Mammals were dominant in the Kestrels’ diet and accounted
for 72% of
prey items and over 83% of biomass. Among rodents, Voles Microtus spp. were most
numerous, accounting for almost 40% of all prey items. The
second important prey was Striped Field Mouse Apodemus
its proportion being close to 7%. Soricomorphs were far less
than rodents (4.8% of prey items). Birds and reptiles
less than 10% of prey items, remnants of amphibians were
registered. Altogether, vertebrates accounted for 84% of
prey items and
close to 100% of biomass. On the basis of live-trapping, we
that the highest prey (rodent) availability was in the
forest and in
the open riverside landscape. Bank Vole Myodes glareolus was
most frequently in the forest. In the area of settlements, Microtus spp. and
Yellow-Necked Mouse Apodemus
dominated, while in the riverside open areas Striped Field
the most common. Comparison of food composition and trapping
showed that kestrels preyed mainly in the areas close to the
human settlements. Voles as preferred prey
Lesiński G., Łepkowska M., Skrzypiec-Nowak P. 2011. EFFICIENCY OF BAT BOXES IN MAZOWIECKI LANDSCAPE PARK. Kulon 16: 75-82
Grzegorz Lesiński, Szkoła Główna
Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie,
Abstract. The efficiency of bat boxes was tested in Mazowiecki Landscape Park (central Poland). On two study plots (A and B) 136 boxes Stratmann type were installed in 2003. In August 2010, the boxes were checked by using an electric torch, without removing bats (detailed description of the method – see Lesiński et al. 2009). Five species of bats were recorded: Nyctalus noctula, Pipistrellus nathusii, Plecotus auritus, Myotis myotis and Eptesicus serotinus. Boxes were especially important for the first three species. Percentage of occupied boxes noted in August increased during the study period up to 73.2% and 29.2%, respectively on study plots A and B. A total bat density attained 33.7 ind./10 boxes and 132.8 ind./km (plot A). Compared with other Polish forests, the frequency of occurrence and numbers of bats in boxes in Mazowiecki Landscape Park appeared to be very high. The use of these artificial roosts gave bats an opportunity to inhabit tree stands poor in tree-holes, and possibly positively influenced their population densities.
Wojdan D., Piotrowska J. 2011. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE GÓRNA KRASNA NATURE RESERVE. Kulon 16: 83-91.
Wojdan, Justyna Piotrowska. Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego,
Biologii, Pracownia Ochrony Przyrody, ul. Świętokrzyska 15,
Abstract. The Górna Krasna nature reserve (total area of 413.02 ha) protects forests and grasslands of the Krasna river basin. It is located in the central part of the Świętokrzyskie Province (Central Poland). The area of the reserve is generally wet and covers forest communities, grasslands, agricultural lands and ponds. The research included inventory of amphibians and reptiles, breeding ecology of chosen species and identification of threats, along with necessary protection measures. In the years 2009-2010, the following species were found: Great Crested NewtTriturus cristatus Laur., Smooth Newt Lissotriton vulgaris L., Common Toad Bufo bufo L., European Green Toad Pseudepidalea viridis Laur., European Tree Frog Hyla arborea L., Pool Frog Pelopyhlax lessonae Cam., Edible Frog Pelophylax kl. esculentus L., Common Frog Rana temporaria L., Moor Frog Rana arvalis Nilss., Sand Lizard Lacerta agilis L., Viviparous Lizard Zootoca vivipara Jacquin, Slow Worm Anguis fragilis L., Grass Snake Natrix natrix L. and Common European Adder Vipera berus L. The main danger to herpetofauna results from unfavorable changes in water conditions, accounting for decreasing water level and drying out of water bodies. Moreover, casualties were caused by collisions of migrating batrachofauna with cars, grassland fires, and excessive pressure to the environment from tourism.
Wojdan D., Borowiec M. 2011. Herpetofauna of the Bagno Przecławskie nature reserve. Kulon 16: 93-100.
Abstract. The peat nature reserve Bagno Przecławskie (total area of 25.56 ha) is located in the northern part of the Podkarpackie Province (South Poland). The area of the reserve is generally wet and covers forest communities and peat bogs. The research included inventory of amphibians and reptiles, breeding ecology of chosen species and identification of threats, along with determining necessary protection measures. In the years 2009-2010 the following species were found: Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus, Smooth Newt Lissotriton vulgaris, Common Toad Bufo bufo, European Green Toad Pseudepidalea viridis, European Tree Frog Hyla arborea, Common Frog Rana temporaria, Moor Frog Rana arvalis, Pool Frog Pelophylax lessonae, Edible Frog Pelophylax kl. esculentus, Sand Lizard Lacerta agilis, Viviparous Lizard Zootoca vivipara, Slow Worm Anguis fragilis, Grass Snake Natrix natrix and Common European Adder Vipera berus. The main danger to herpetofauna results from unfavorable changes in water conditions, leading to a decrease in water level and drying out of peat bogs.
Strużyński W. 2011. OCCURRENCE OF AMPHIBIANS IN BRUDZEŃSKI LANDSCAPE. Kulon 16: 101-107.
Abstract. The aim of the study was to record the occurrence of amhibians in the Brudzeński Lanscape Park, located in Central Poland near Płock. Observations were conducted in 2007-2008 in 24 habitats. The occurrence of 13 species of amphibians was recorded. The most numerous species were found in small ponds. The most common species were Pelophylax kl. Esculenta, Rana temporaria and Bufo Bufo. Triturus cristatus and Bombina bombina, the endangered species in Europe listed in Annex II to the Birds Directive, were recorded in two and seven habitats, respectively.
Strużyński W. 2011. THE OCCURRENCE OF THE SNAILS VERTIGINIDAE IN SOLECKIE FIELD OF THE CHOJNOWSKI LANSCAPE PARK. Kulon 16: 109-113.
Abstract. Snails of the family Vertiginidae belong to the smallest mollusks in Poland. Vertigo angustior and Vertigo moulinsiana, are listed in Annex II to the Habitat Directive of the European Union. Their presence is an evidence of a high environmental stability. The occurrence of these species near Warsaw and in the Mazovian Lowland has not been detected since 1939. Their present sites have been included to the new sites of the Natura 2000 network.
Murawski M., Antczak K. 2011. THE THIRD RECORD OF THE HOOPER SWAN CYGNUS CYGNUS IN THE MAZOVIAN LOWLAND. Kulon 16: 115-116.
Abstract. On 30 May 2010, we observed a pair of Hooper Swans with five nestlings on ponds at the village of Gutocha (53°23’N, 21°17’E), eastern Poland. During successive surveys on 25 July and 26 September, we observed two adults and two young birds.
Polakowski M. 2011. EARLY
ARRIVALS OF THE WHITE-WINGED BLACK TERN CHLIDONIAS
LEUCOPTERUS AND THE WHISKERED TERN CHLIDONIAS HYBRIDUS
ul. Zachodnia 30A/8, PL-15-345
Białystok, e-mail: email@example.com
Abstract. On 14 April 2009, five White-winged Black Terns were observed on the Biebrza river near Brzostowo village, which is the earliest phenological record of this species in Poland. On 12 April 2010, one Whiskered Tern was foraging on Pond Czechowizna near Knyszyn. This observation is one of the earliest records of this species in Poland, the first record being noted on 11 April 2001. In recent years, earlier arrivals of these species are noted in the North-Podlasian Lowland – for Whiskered Tern by seven days and for White-winged Black Tern by 13 days.
Murawski M., Matyjasiak Ł. 2011. OBSERVATIONS OF HYBRIDS OF COMMON GOLDENEYE BUCEPHALA CLANGULA AND SMEW MERGELLUS ALBELLUS ON THE MAZOVIAN LOWLAND. Kulon 16: 118-121.
Abstract. On 01 February 2009, single individuals of Smew Mergellus albellus and Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula interspecies hybrids were observed on the Vistula river in Warsaw (around documented cases of the observation of this type of individuals on the Mazowian Lowland. Both species have similar geographical range, environmental requirements and nesting habits, therefore can interbreed with each others.
Sikora D. 2011. ATYPICAL COLONY OF THE BLACK-HEADED GULL LARUS RIDIBUNDUS IN WARSAW. Kulon 16: 121-123.
Sekcja Ornitologiczna Koła Naukowego
Leśników, Wydział Leśny SGGW,
Abstract. In May and June 2010, several dozen nests of the Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus were found on an abandoned building under construction in Warsaw (52°9’N, 21°4’E). The nests were placed on concrete pillars and partition walls. Many nests were successful.
Molęda M. 2011. CONFIRMATION OF THE SITE OF THE COMMON HAMSTER CRICETUS CRICETUS IN SOUTHERN PART OF THE MAZOVIAN PROVINCE. Kulon 16: 125-126.
ul. Staszica 1, PL-26-930 Garbatka-Letnisko, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract. On 3 September 2011, a site of the Common Hamster Cricetus cricetus was recorded in southern part of the Mazovian Province (commune of Sienno) (51°67’N, 21°29’E).
Osojca Krasiński G., Zegarek M., Satory-Wąsik A. 2011. A NOTABLE ROOSTING COLONY OF THE LARGE MOUSE-EARED BAT MYOTIS MYOTIS IN WIELGOMŁYNY. Kulon 16: 126-128.
Zakład Badawczy Leśnictwa i
Środowiska (Biura Ekspertyz Przyrodniczo-Leśnych),
Abstract. In summer 2010, the Large mouse-eared bats nursery roosts (minimum 26 individuals – females and young) were located in the large attics of the old church in Wielgomłyny (51°01’N, 19°76’E).
Bonk M., Kajzer J., Szafrański A. 2011. NEW RECORDS OF THE PRAYING MANTIS MANTIS RELIGIOSA L. IN THE ŚWIĘTOKRZYSKIE MOUNTAINS AND MAZOVIA. Kulon 16: 129-131.
Maciej Bonk: Zakład Entomologii,
Instytut Zoologii, Uniwersytet Jagielloński,
Abstract. In 2010, a new site of the Praying Mantis Mantis religiosa L. was found between Chmielnik and Holendry (UTM: DB70, 50°60’N, 20°70’E). This site is located on an open sandy area surrounded by a pine monoculture and a mixed forest. This is the westernmost site of this species in Poland. The potential threat to mantises in this area is afforestation. Another site was found in 2011 in the region of the village of Antonówka in Mazovia (UTM: EB49, 51°25’N, 21°34’E).
Wilk T., Felger A. 2011. NEW LOCALITY OF THE WOODLAND BROWN LOPINGA ACHINE (SCOPOLI, 1763) – (NYMPHALIDAE: LEPIDOPTERA) IN SOUTHERN POLAND. Kulon 16: 131-133.
Abstract. Woodland Brown Lopinga achine is a rare and endangered butterfly, listed in European and Polish Red List. It is known from only few localities in southern and eastern Poland. The article describes a new population of this species recently found in the Puszcza Niepołomicka, Małopolskie Province. The Puszcza Niepołomicka seems to host a large population of this species, and the finding of this population may suggest that the species might be more common in southern Poland than previously thought.
Łukaszewicz M, Kasprzykowski Zb., Rowiński P. 2011. REPORT OF ACTION WINTER COUNTING BIRDS IN RIVER VALLEYS IN THE LOWLANDS MAZOWIECKI IN JANUARY 2011. Kulon 16: 135-144.
Mazowiecko-Świętokrzyskie Towarzystwo Ornitologiczne,
The report presents the results of a single count of birds
Mazovian Lowland on 15-23 January 2011. The aim of the study
monitoring the distribution and numbers of birds wintering
rivers and objects. Birds were counted on 14 rivers.
also conducted at other sites of waterbird agglomerations,
Warsaw and Radom, on dam reservoirs (Zegrzyński and
Domianów), and on
Łubna dumping ground. In total, we covered 1085 km of river
reservoirs. In towns only waterbirds were counted, and in
and reservoir also all the other wintering bird species.
rather mild, mean temperatures for the region varied from
-5°C to +5°C.
The water level in the Vistula and its basin was high. The
western part of the region were not covered with ice, but
ice cover was
noted in the eastern part.